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Abbreviations

A

AAMA

American Automobile Manufacturers Association

ACEA

Association of Automobile Constructors in Europe

AFNOR

Association Francaise De Normalisation  - France

AGMA

American Gear Manufacturers Association

AHEM

Association of Hydraulic Equipment Manufacturers

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

API

American Petroleum Institute

ASME

American Society of Mechanical Engineers

ASTM

American Society for Testing and Materials

ATF

Automatic Transmission Fluid

 

 

 

B

BP

British Pharmacopoeia

BSI

British Standards Institution

Brookfield V

Viscosity in centiPoise, as determined by Brookfield Viscometer (ASTM D2983) to usually express Low-Temp.properties of gear oils and Transmission Fluids

 

 

 

C

cP

CentiPoise, unit used to express absolute viscosity. 1cP=1mPa*s, 1cP=1cST x density (g/cm3) cranking and pumping viscosities (low temprature "W" grade) and high temp. / high shear (at 150C) are measured in  centiPoise

cST

Centistokes (1/100 stokes) unit used to express viscosity, measure of a fluids resistance to flow at high temp. either 40C or 100C (Kinematic Viscosity) 1cST=1rnm2/s

cST @ 40C/100C

 Kinematic Viscosity incST at 40C and 100C (ASTM D445)

CCS

Cold Cranking Simulator

CEC

Coordinating European Council

CFPP

Cold Filter Plugging Point

CMA

Chemical Manufacturers Association - USA

CRC

Coordinating Research Council - USA

 

 

 

D

DEO

Diesel Engine Oil

DIN

Deutsches Institut Fur Normung - Germany

DOT

Department of Transportation - USA

 

 

 

E

EMA

Engine Manufacturers Association - USA

EOLCS

Engine Oil Licensing and Certification System

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency USA

 

 

 

F

FDA

Food and Drug Adminstration -USA

Flash Point

minimum temprature at which vapor is produced to yield a combustible mixture (ASTM D92)

 

 

 

G

Global DHD-1

Global DHD-1 Global performanceSpec. developed for 4-Stroke cycle diesel engine oil in vehicles over 8,600 LB. GVWR by EMA, ACEA, JAMA

 

 

 

H

HDDO

Heavy Duty Diesel Engine Oil

HDEO

Heavy Duty Engine Oil

HDEOCP

Heavy Duty Engine Oil Classification Panel

HT/HS

High Temperature High Shear Rate Viscosity

HT/HS, cP

High Temperature / High Sear rate Viscosity at 150C in cP (ASTM D683)

 

 

 

I

ILMA

Independent Lubricant Manufacturers Association

ILSAC

International Lubricant Standardization and Approval Committee - A joint effort by GM Ford Motor Chrysler and Japanese Automakers

IP

Institute of Petroleum - UK

ISO

International Standards Organization

ISO VG

Viscosity Grade system for Hydraulic Oils introduced by International Standards Organization

 

 

 

J

JAMA

Japanese Automobile Manufacturers Association

JASO

Japanese Automobile Standards Organization

 

 

 

L

 

Locomotive Maintenance Officers Association

 

 

 

M

MCL

Marine Cylinder Lubricant

MIL

Military Specifications - USA

MIRA

Motor Industry Research Association

MON

Motor Octane Number

MRV

Mini Rotary Viscometer

MSDS

Material Salty Data Sheet

MSO

Marine System Oil

MTAC

Multiple Test Acceptance Criteria

Multi-Grade

Multiviscosity - Grade Oils, Non-Newtonian Oils, which commonly contain polymeric additives as viscosity modifier for both Low-Temp. (10W SAE for example) and High-Temp. (30 SAE for example) applications, and which are described by Low-Temp. SAE viscosity grade followed by High-Temp. SAE viscosity grade as in SAE 10W-30 for example

 

 

 

N

NGEO

Natural Gas Engine Oil

NLGI

National Lubricating Grease Institute

NMMA

National Marine Manufacturers Association - USA

NPRA

National Petroleum Refiners Association - USA

 

 

 

O

OEM

Original Equipment Manufacturer

ORI

Octane Requirement Increase

 

 

 

P

PAJ

Petroleum Association of Japan

PECOCP

Passes Car Engine Oil Classification Panel

PCMO

Passenger Car Motor Oil

PT

Permanent Type Antifreeze Coolants

PP (Pour Point)

low temp. flow indicator in degrees celsius (ASTM D97)

 

 

 

R

RON

Research Octane Number

 

 

 

S

SAE

Society of  Automotive Engineers

SHPD

Super High Performance Diesel

SL

API service category for Spark ignition internal combustion engines - Gasoline, Propane, CNG

SN

(Solvent Neutral) Solvent Refined Paraffinic base oil

SSI

Shear Stability Index

STLE

Society of Tribologists and Lubrication_ Engineers

SUS

Super Tractor Oil Universal

Single-Grades

Single Viscosity-Grade Oils - newtonian oils which may be either low temp. Single-Grades grade oils (with W-winter suffix such as OW, 5W 10W etc.) OR high-temp. oils such as 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 SAE viscosity grades

Sulfated Ash

non-combustible residue (ASTM 0874) in % weight

 

 

 

T

TBN

total base no which measures the relative alkalinity of an oil - ability of an alkali to neutralize the effect of acid formation - mg KOH/g (ASTM D2896)

TDH

Transmission Differential and Hydraulic

THF

Tractor Hydraulic Fluid

TPEO

Trunk Piston Engine Oil

 

 

 

U

USDA

US Department of Agriculture

USP

United States Pharmacopoeia

UTTO

Universal Tractor Transmission Oil

Universal Oils

Oils multi API category oils eg SC/CC or SD/CC etc.

 

 

 

V

VI

Viscosity Index - an indicator of the rate of change of viscosity with temp. (ASTM D2270)

VII

Viscosity Index Improver

 

 

 

 

Other Iteams

 

acid

 

SBH

sodium borohydride

 

shine

 

potassium boro hydride

clorin

 

lithem aluminum hydride



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